Water Resource Protection

Protecting the Source

Water is at the heart of the bottled water industry and bottlers have always been committed to safeguarding the environment around the source to preserving the high quality of their waters.

The areas of land surrounding underground water sources are subject to rigorous and extensive environmental protection. The "impluvium" - where rain and snow seep into the soil to then journey underground through layers of rock - is a highly protected zone and can extend up to several thousands of hectares.

Protection measures help to prevent pollution and any type of contamination of the water on its way to the source. Bottlers work in close partnership with local communities, public authorities and farmers to ensure that the landscape around the source is kept free of pollutants, which in turn ensures the protection of biodiversity and natural habitats too.

Water Resource Management

Natural mineral and spring waters are renewable resources, constantly replenished through nature’s water cycle. Natural mineral water and spring water producers manage natural resources carefully and respectfully. The amount of water that is withdrawn is below natural flow rates. 

Comprehensive groundwater management practices are therefore essential to guarantee both the quality and quantity of natural mineral and spring waters, namely:

  • to ensure no harmful impact on the water environment
  • to ensure  that resources remain available for safe water consumption for generations to come


Producers undertake numerous hydrogeological studies to analyse underground aquifers, continuously monitoring the groundwater source and to ensure sustainable rates of abstraction. Continuous monitoring, control of activities and risk prevention are all measures that are implemented to guarantee the quality and quantity of the water.

The protection of sources

by PEAK Sourcing